The 5-T’s


Turn Time Twist Throttle Talk is dogmatically taught at flight schools as an ideal work sequence for instrument flights.

Turn – turn to the desired heading. You may need to turn to an intercept heading to get on the desired radial or bearing.
Time – start your timer, if needed.
Twist – twist the OBS to the proper setting, either required radial or the reciprocal to eliminate reverse sensing.
Throttle – reduce your airspeed
Talk – if asked to report, do so.

Although the above sequence appears to be effective for improving navigation skills and disciplining oneself, it seems at odds with the Aviate (Throttle + Turn), Navigate (Time + Twist), and Communicate (Talk) adage… So Throttle, Turn, Time, Twist and Talk would seem like a more appropriate sequence.